The Similarity Analysis of Industrial Development in EU Countries and Turkey Using the Hierarchical Cluster Technique

  • Dilek Ferudun Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kırşehir
  • Piotr L. Wilczyński Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Instytut Geografii, Zakład Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej
Keywords: Hierarchical cluster technique, Turkey, EU countries, development, industry

Abstract

Industrial activities have a notable percentage in whole national economies. Thus, it is necessaryto follow the development of the industrial activities to be able to review economic development.Identification of similarities or differences among countries provides the ability to notice more clearlythe level of regional development and its problems. However, it makes complex subject with a largenumber of data and with different national data methodology for each country and year. Statisticalanalysis is a proven tool to make it easier. The goal was to follow the developments since it has the abilityto summarize complex data. In this study, we found out similar characteristics among EU Countries(except Croatia which joined EU in 2013) and Turkey by using export and import rates, industrialproduction index, recent prices, percent of GDP of industry parameters in industrial sector variables.Squared Euclid distance, Pearson proximity matrix and Ward’s method were used to calculate distancesbetween different countries variables and to find out country groups which have similar developmentcharacteristics. The analyses were supported with dendogram and maps.

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Author Biographies

Dilek Ferudun, Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kırşehir
Dilek Ferudun, PhD., Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kırşehir, Turkey.PhD in Geography at Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kırşehir, Turkey. His keyinterests are climatology, climate change, especially the effects of climate change on water resourcesand socio-economic geography, especially statistical research methods of this subdiscipline. Directorof Geostrategic Consulting International regional office in Turkey.
Piotr L. Wilczyński, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Instytut Geografii, Zakład Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej
Piotr L. Wilczyński, PhD., Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Instytut Geografii, ZakładGeografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej.Chairman of international scientific syndicate Geostrategic Consulting International, editor of“Geostrategy” column on Geopolityka.net portal, member of Polish Geopolitical Society’s AnalyticsStaff, Assistant in Socio-Economic Geography Department of Pedagogical University in Cracow.Author of numerous publications. Key interests are national security, military sciences, political, economical,and warfare geography, geopolitics and geostrategy.

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Published
2013-11-21
How to Cite
FerudunD., & WilczyńskiP. L. (2013). The Similarity Analysis of Industrial Development in EU Countries and Turkey Using the Hierarchical Cluster Technique. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 21, 316-326. https://doi.org/10.24917/1209