Comparative Analysis of International (Inbound) Tourism Development within Ukraine and Poland

  • Oleksandr Korol Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
  • Tetiana Skutar Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
Keywords: inbound tourism, international tourism, profitability of inbound tourism, tourism receipts, tourist arrivals

Abstract

According to UNWTO standards, tourism takes the forms of domestic and international tourism. International tourism is subdivided into inbound and outbound tourism. The statistics of inbound tourism comprises two basic sections: statistics of tourist arrivals and statistics of tourism receipts. The inbound tourism in Poland and Ukraine is researched in this article. It is interesting to analyze the inbound tourism in the neighbouring countries, i.e. Poland and Ukraine, taking into account the “split in time” similarities in the development of the tourism market in these countries, their place in the world tourist flows, as well as attempts of Ukraine to repeat Poland’s experience in its integration into the EU. The aim of this paper is to conduct a comparative analysis of inbound tourist flows in Ukraine and Poland, as well as to reveal the factors influencing tourist arrivals, receipts and profitability as the ratio of the last two. The number and structure of tourist arrivals to Poland and Ukraine in 2000–2016 are analyzed. It was assumed that tourists’ exchange between neighbouring countries probably depends on the length of common land border. To test this assumption, the criterion χ² was used, which is also called the criterion of independence, consistency and homogeneity. The receipts from inbound tourism in above-mentioned countries during the same period of time are estimated. By applying the Consumer Price Index (CPI), the tourism receipts are recalculated for the prices of 2000. The profitability of inbound tourism in Poland and Ukraine in 2013 and 2016 is calculated. The factors influencing tourism receipts and profitability of inbound tourism are described.

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Author Biographies

Oleksandr Korol, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
Oleksandr Korol, Ph.D. in Geography, Associate professor, Head of the Department of Geography and Management of Tourism, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Chernivtsi, Ukraine). Graduated from the Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University. PhD degree thesis “Regional management in tourism” was defended at Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University. Research interest: geography of tourism, international tourism flows, tourism marketing, guided tour service.
Tetiana Skutar, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University

Tetiana Skutar, Ph.D. in Geography, associate professor in the Department of Social Geography and Recreational Nature Management, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Chernivtsi, Ukraine). Author`s research interests concern issues of international tourism, particularly in Ukraine. Academic interests also revolve around the research of tourist resources of the Chernivtsi region.

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Published
2018-06-29
How to Cite
KorolO., & SkutarT. (2018). Comparative Analysis of International (Inbound) Tourism Development within Ukraine and Poland. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 32(2), 338-355. https://doi.org/10.24917/20801653.322.24