Attempt at Summarising Past Studies on Geographic Proximity


  • Grzegorz Micek Jagiellonian University in Krakow Institute of Geography and Spatial Management Regional Development Department



conceptualisation, distance, geographic proximity, neighbourhood, operationalisation, perception


The article is a review aiming to present the current research on the concept of geographic proximity and attempts to conceptualise it. The implementation of such a task required the identification of different ways of approaching the analysed issue, which was served by a systematic review of the literature, not performed on such a scale since the study of J. Knoben and L. Oerlemans (2006) (Micek, 2017). Proximity was captured in it using three types of logic: belonging, neighbourhood or similarity. Studies of proximity perceived as a value and trying to capture its intensity are rare. On the other hand, studies based on the proximity thresholds (most often expressed regarding physical distance) or affiliation to an administrative unit dominate. Meanwhile, proximity should be measured similarly as it is perceived and therefore using the logic of similarity. Therefore, there is a contradiction between the existing methods of measuring proximity and the essence of the concept itself. There is a need to capture proximity on a continuum that illustrates its intensity. The assessment of proximity, however, requires joint consideration of both objective and subjective measures, as well as the rejection of the thesis on the binary nature of the concept of proximity (Torre, Rallet, 2005).


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Author Biography

Grzegorz Micek, Jagiellonian University in Krakow Institute of Geography and Spatial Management Regional Development Department

Grzegorz Micek, Ph.D., associate professor. In his research, the author focuses on the development of advanced economic activities in a spatial context. He undertakes analyses of the impact of large investments and selected sectors of the economy on local and regional development. The author is interested in the broadly understood geography of enterprise (especially in the service sector). He applies both quantitative and qualitative research methods.


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How to Cite

Micek, G. (2018). Attempt at Summarising Past Studies on Geographic Proximity. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 32(4), 227–239.