Territorial Range of Internationalization of Polish Enterprises: Questionnaire Results


  • Nelly Daszkiewicz Politechnika Gdańska Wydział Zarządzania i Ekonomii Katedra Nauk Ekonomicznych




distance, internationalization, psychic distance, territorial scope


For several decades in dynamically growing internationalization literature there have been many research trends. The territorial scope of internationalization is one of the oldest research problems in the area of the internationalization process of the enterprise. It was originally analyzed as concentration vs. diversification (Ayal, Ziph, 1978). Currently, the scope of internationalization is one of the components of most measures of the extent of internationalization (Kuivalainen, Sundqvist, Saarenko, 2012). In general, small and medium-sized enterprises in the early stages of the process of internationalization carry out expansion in the close/neighboring markets where the so-called psychic distance is small (Johanson, Vahlne, 1977). Conversely, transnational, multinational and global firms frequently operate in global markets (Vahlne, Ivarssonn, 2014; Wach, 2014). In addition, the scope of internationalization is also affected by other factors, e.g. industry in which the firm operates, innovation and technological sophistication (high-tech / low-tech) (Daszkiewicz, 2015). The main empirical objective of the article is to identify the key determinants of the territorial scope of internationalization of the surveyed enterprises, and the impact of these factors on the scope of their international activities. The article presents partial results of research carried out on a sample of 355 internationalized enterprises. Firms were interviewed by questionnaire using CATI interviews (Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing). The questionnaire was carried out in 2015 under a grant OPUS carried out at the Department of Economics and International Relations, University of Economics in Kraków. CalculationsweremadeusingStatistica® PL v. 10.


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Author Biography

Nelly Daszkiewicz, Politechnika Gdańska Wydział Zarządzania i Ekonomii Katedra Nauk Ekonomicznych

Nelly Daszkiewicz, Associate Professor of Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Managementand Economics. Author and co-author of several books and dozens of scientific articles, mainly in thearea of internationalization of enterprises. Directions of research also include the areas of small andmedium enterprices.


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How to Cite

Daszkiewicz, N. (2016). Territorial Range of Internationalization of Polish Enterprises: Questionnaire Results. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 30(1), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.24917/20801653.301.2