Non-metropolitan Industrial NUTS 3 Sub-regions in the European Union – Identification and Typology

  • Jacek Sołtys Politechnika Gdańska Wydział Architektury Katedra Urbanistyki i Planowania Regionalnego
  • Sławomir Dorocki Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Instytut Geografii, Zakład Przedsiębiorczości i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
Keywords: European Union, industry, non-metropolitan sub-regions, peripheral areas, typology

Abstract

A common phenomenon of development is the big difference in its levels, especially between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Non-metropolitan areas are also very different. In some of them, industry plays a big role. European Union’s NUTS 3 non-metropolitan low developed sub-regions, whose gross domestic product per capita in 2011 was below 75% of the EU average, were the subject of research. It is based on the data and Principal Component Analysis used for the typology of 319 sub-regions prepared in 2014. The purposes of the research presented were to identify industrial sub-regions among aforementioned sub-regions, to investigate their diversity and to recognize more detailed sub-regions with the most developed industry. There was also a methodological purpose: to verify a concept for taking into account the weight of principal component in grouping sub-regions into types. As many as 53 sub-regions, in which the rate of gross value added in industry (in %) is 3 times bigger than average in the whole set of the sub-regions examined (that is more than 35%) were defined as industrial. Typology for these sub-regions was made by the cluster analysis using hierarchical method and grouping sub-regions into four types. More detailed characteristics of some sub-regions is the last part of this work.

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Author Biographies

Jacek Sołtys, Politechnika Gdańska Wydział Architektury Katedra Urbanistyki i Planowania Regionalnego
Jacek Sołtys, Graduated from Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture. Teaching duties(courses taught): regional planning (since 1975–2014), local planning, strategic planning, designing of touristand recreational areas development. Research interests: methods of planning (spatial, strategic, includingscenario method), sustainable development, typology of towns and regions, settlement network, regionaldevelopment of non-metropolitan areas. He was worked in numerous international and national researchprojects. Author of two books and more than 40 other publications. Co-author of more than 30 strategiesfor municipalities. Member of the European Regional Science Association and the Society of Polish TownPlanners. Tourist guide.
Sławomir Dorocki, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie, Instytut Geografii, Zakład Przedsiębiorczości i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
Sławomir Dorocki, graduated from the Pedagogical University in Krakow – M.Sc. degree in geography, Ph.D.in history (Institute of European Studies of the Jagiellonian University). Adiunkt (assoc. professor) at thePedagogical University of Cracow, Institute of Geography. His research interests are tied with regional problemsand processes of socio-economic regionalization, with particular emphasis on the diversity of Europe,processes of European integration and historical conditions.

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Published
2016-11-12
How to Cite
SołtysJ., & DorockiS. (2016). Non-metropolitan Industrial NUTS 3 Sub-regions in the European Union – Identification and Typology. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 30(2), 55-71. https://doi.org/10.24917/3206

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