Innovation distance of Polish regions in relation to European models

  • Częstochowa University of Technology, Faculty of Management, Department of Econometrics and Statistics
Keywords: high technology, innovation level, R&D sector, region, relative technological comparative advantage


This article deals with the subject of the level of innovative development that is characteristic of­Polish regions in comparison with other nations of the European Union. Among the main measures of innovation, the following factors were taken into account: patent activity, employment in the R&D sector, expenditure on R&D, and human resources for science and technology. Based on numerous studies indicating that this is an issue, an attempt has been made to measure the innovation gap in spatial and dynamic terms using a number of statistical tools. The innovation gap index, the innovation level change index and the patent advantage indicator were used as measures. Each of these methods takes into account certain measures of innovation (and their different approaches), which allows the problem to be comprehensively studied. Statistical data from the Eurostat, OECD and EPO databases for 2009–2017, which are related to the availability of data presented in regional innovation rankings, were used in the study. The results clearly show a disproportion in the development of Polish regions in relation to their European counterparts, but also in the direction of change over recent years. There are in addition symptoms of positive changes illustrated by detailed assessments of the indicators examined for selected Polish regions.


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Author Biography

, Częstochowa University of Technology, Faculty of Management, Department of Econometrics and Statistics

Marek Szajt, PhD is an associate professor of The Częstochowa University of Technology and the head of Department of Econometrics and Statistics of Faculty of Management. His research interests relate, in particular, to the study of innovation in the micro, meso and macro scale, spatial research, simulation analysis, econometric modelling using spatial­‑temporal samples. Author and co­‑author of over 100 scientific publications and reports carried out on behalf of local government institutions and enterprises.


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How to Cite
Marek. (2020). Innovation distance of Polish regions in relation to European models. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 34(2), 7–17.