Russian border regions in the economic corridor of China-Mongolia-Russia


  • Natalia Sysoeva Irkutsk Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • Vera Rudneva Irkutsk Scientific Center of SB RAS



border regions; cross-border relations; economic corridor China-Mongolia-Russia; foreign enterprises; geostrategic territories; integration.


The object of the paper are the border regions of Siberia as a part of the planned China-MongoliaRussia economic corridor in China’s foreign policy initiative “One Belt One Road”. The aim of the study is to reveal the nature of the interaction of these regions with the outside world to determine the ways of their development within a common economic space of the corridor. The study is based on the analysis of foreign investment flows to the border regions using macro- and microeconomic methods. The volume foreign capital goes mainly to mining, while other industries are dominated by small enterprises formed by foreign citizens, not corporations. In these areas, intermediary business prevails, which does not require increased human capital. China is gradually replacing other counter-partners in the use of natural resources, including mineral and forest ones. The problems of development of the border regions in common economic space of the corridor due to similar resource specialisation and weak development of the embedded economy have been identified. With the development of transit infrastructure, it is necessary to develop local industries integrated into large projects and capable of using this infrastructure to expand sales markets.


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Author Biographies

Natalia Sysoeva, Irkutsk Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Natalia Sysoeva, PhD in Geography, Irkutsk Scientific Center of Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science; Department Head; chief researcher of the Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS; professor of Irkutsk State University. Graduated from the Moscow State University and since 1975 she is a member of Institute of Geography research staff (now the Sochava Institute of Geography SB RAS). In 2008 she was appointed the Head of the Department of Regional Economic and Social Problems in the Irkutsk Scientific Center of SB RAS. Her research focuses on economic geography and regional economy, planning of spatial development, especially on problems of resource regions and institutional issues of the regional policy on federal level.

Vera Rudneva, Irkutsk Scientific Center of SB RAS

Vera Rudneva is working as junior researcher in The Department of Regional Economic and Social Problems of the Irkutsk Scientific Center of SB RAS and is a postgraduate in V.B. Sochava Institute of Geography of SB RAS. Her research areas include industrial geography, economic development and city-industry relation. She has published several papers in journals and conference papers on industrial geography, economic development, revitalisation of old industrial town and territories, reindustrialization of Baikal Region, Eastern Siberia and Siberia as a whole.


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The article was written as a part of the research grants 19-45-240004 and 20-010-00990, financed by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.




How to Cite

Sysoeva, N., & Rudneva, V. (2021). Russian border regions in the economic corridor of China-Mongolia-Russia. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 35(2), 53–63.