Changes in the location of command and control functions in the world in the years 2006-2018

Authors

  • Piotr Raźniak Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
  • Anna Winiarczyk-Raźniak Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5276-5297
  • Sławomir Dorocki Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
  • György Csomós University of Debrecen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24917/20801653.363.1

Keywords:

corporate headquarters, corporation, command and control function, Forbes Global 2000, function of cities

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to answer the following question: Are corporate revenues and the command and control functions of cities, regions, and countries the result of growth at firms already in the area or are they the result of the in-migration of corporate headquarters? The paper also shows corporate revenues for selected cities and regions of the world as well as examines their command and control function, which illustrates the strength of cities and countries in the global economy. In order to accomplish this goal, corporate revenue values were examined and the command and control function index was calculated for each studied city. The index is based on corporate sales revenue, profits, market value, and asset value, and is computed using financial data for corporations listed by Forbes Global 2000. Research has shown that the significance of existing leaders such as New York and London is declining in favor of Beijing - which is now characterized by the most important command and control functions in the world economy. Furthermore, Chinese corporations are outpacing those headquartered in Japan, although changes in the location of corporate headquarters does not strongly affect the command and control function of cities and countries. In light of the fact that the number of corporations changing the location of their headquarters has increased in recent years along with an increase in corporate revenue, cities oriented toward economic growth may choose to take action to motivate large corporations to move their headquarters to their geographic area.

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Author Biographies

Piotr Raźniak, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie

Piotr Raźniak, PhD, assistant professor in the Institute of Geography of the Pedagogical University of Krakow, Poland. Corporations, hierarchies of world cities, problems of functioning of metropolitan areas, spatial structure of corporations and command and control functions of cities created by large corporations are included as his research interests.

Anna Winiarczyk-Raźniak, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie


Anna Winiarczyk-Raźniak, PhD, assistant professor in the Institute of Geography of the Pedagogical University of Krakow. Her research interests include level and quality of life, development and problems of functioning of metropolitan areas, suburbanisation and social geography of Latin America.

Sławomir Dorocki, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie

Sławomir Dorocki, PhD, Department of Entrepreneurship and Spatial Management, Institute of Geography, the Pedagogical University of Krakow. Sławomir Dorocki has graduated from the Pedagogical University of Krakow with an MA degree in Geography He holds a PhD in History (Institute of European Studies of the Jagiellonian University). Associate professor at the Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Geography. His research interests are connected to regional problems and processes of socio-economic regionalisation, with particular emphasis on the diversity of Europe, processes of European integration, historical conditions, and application of computer and statistical methods in the study of diversity of space.

György Csomós, University of Debrecen

György Csomós, professor, University of Debrecen, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering. György Csomós is an urban geographer and planner affiliated with the University of Debrecen, Hungary. He is a college professor in the Department of Civil Engineering and the coordinator of the Urban Systems Engineering master program. His research interests cover a wide range of topics including urban green spaces, sustainable urban development, smart cities, city networks, and spatial scientometrics. He is the head of City Science Research Lab at University of Debrecen. He regularly publishes in top-ranked journals.

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Published

2022-09-28

How to Cite

Raźniak, P., Winiarczyk-Raźniak, A., Dorocki, S., & Csomós, G. (2022). Changes in the location of command and control functions in the world in the years 2006-2018. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 36(3), 7–19. https://doi.org/10.24917/20801653.363.1